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Perhaps the most difficult of all leafhopper genera, with 21 UK species, of which only two are easily identified; the other 19 cannot be identified based on external features alone.
E. frustrator is generally pale yellow but at least sometimes shows an intense yellow colour on the basal two-thirds of the forewing. It is not known whether the intense yellow triangular area on the pronotum is taxonomically useful (compare E. avellanae). Identification requires dissection.
Found across the southern part of Wales and as far north as Yorkshire, on a range of trees but in generally small numbers.
Adult: July to October
Length 3.5-4 mm
male: Merseyside (Octoober 2009) ©Steve
male (ventral, with aedeagus): Merseyside (October 2009) ©Steve